What Is The Procedure Like? 

Your visit with us is a thorough process. It begins with simple preparation steps that must be strictly followed before you arrive (pre-examination instructions). 

Once in the office, you will meet with our experienced staff to go over the procedure. A health history intake will be taken and, if you are visiting for breast imaging, a visual inspection of the surface of the breasts will also be done. This is a standard procedure that correlates any surface findings with the infrared images.

You will then be left for 15 minutes in order for your body to reach a steady temperature state in equilibrium with the special temperature conditions of the room.

After this brief waiting time, you will be positioned in front of the imaging system so that the relevant surfaces of the body may be imaged.

Thermology Workstation

Computerized Medical Infrared Imaging System

The images are captured in real-time from an ultra-sensitive medical infrared imaging camera and sent to a computer for storage and analysis (the images are kept on archival media for comparison to future images for monitoring over time).

The images provide a clear view to vascular patterns, temperature differentials and possible pathological conditions.

Specialized infrared imaging computer programs allow the doctor to isolate direct and differential temperatures, perform vascular analyses, dynamic thermal subtraction studies, and more.

Once the images are taken, a board certified clinical thermologist will digitally process and analyse the images. 

Your full medical report together with a full set of your images and information on understanding the report will be sent to you and be made available to your physician.

In a Mammothermogram® each breast is graded individually using the internationally accepted and standardized TH (thermobiological) interpretation protocol. The image of each breast is placed into one of five thermobiological categories:

TH 1 – Normal uniform non-vascular

TH 2 – Normal uniform vascular

TH 3 – Questionable

TH 4 – Abnormal

TH 5 – Severely abnormal

Depending upon the results of the exam, further tests may be ordered and/or future infrared scans performed at recommended intervals to monitor the breasts. This may mean you will be invited for your next Mammothermogram®  (breast thermal imaging appointment) in 3, 6 or 12 months, the interval of which will be determined by the interpreting doctor.

In the shaded images below, the hotter temperatures are the lighter colors to the right.

Heat bar


Imaging System
Bilateral Breast TH 1 – Normal Uniform Non-Vascular Image

Left and Right Breast TH 1

In the normal TH1 image above, the color (temperature) patterns of the breasts are cool and very close to identical when compared to each other.


Imaging System

Bilateral Breast TH 2 – Normal Image

Left and Right Breast TH 2

Both breasts show symmetrical streaks of orange and red (blood vessels). This symmetrical increase in metabolism is commonly caused by the effects of hormones. In cases such as these, the patient is referred back to their doctor for further testing to confirm the findings and determine the cause. The vast majority of these cases are found by the patient’s physician to be a form of hormone imbalance (estrogen dominance). Since lifetime exposure to estrogen is a leading cause for breast cancer, discovering this and correcting the problem may play a significant role in breast cancer prevention.


Imaging System

Left Breast TH 3 – Questionable Image

Left Breast TH 3 – Questionable Image

In the image above you will notice some mildly hotter blood vessels in the left breast. This finding will need to be watched over time for change. If it remains stable, or improves, the finding is normal for the physiology of this patient. Under IACT guidelines, the patient was referred to her physician for follow-up imaging.


Imaging System

Left Breast TH 4 – Abnormal Image

Left Breast TH4 – Abnormal Image

The image above you will notice the increased temperature and vascularity (metabolism) in the left breast. Under IACT guidelines, the patient was referred to her physician for follow-up imaging.


Imaging System

Right Breast TH 5 – Severely Abnormal Image

Right Breast TH 5 – Severely Abnormal Image

Note the intensely overall increased temperature and vascularity (metabolism) of the right breast. Under guidelines, the patient was referred to her physician for follow-up imaging.

Computerized Digital Processing

The following series of images are examples of a biopsy confirmed case of left breast cancer. The black and white images demonstrate different methods of isolating the neoangiogenic vessels for analysis using computerized digital subtraction processing. The color images are a limited example of the many enhancement palettes available. The type of processing used also provides for computerized quantitative analysis of the temperatures anywhere on the images. Our office is equipped with one of the most sophisticated medical infrared imaging systems available.